In Press

Buzon MR, Loder RT, Joseph B, Whitmore KM. “Massive bone destruction in a proximal femur from ancient Nubia .” Anthropologischer Anzeiger.

Buzon MR, Smith ST. “Tumuli at Tombos: Innovation, Tradition, and Variability in Nubia during the Early Napatan Period.African Archaeological Review.

Buzon MR, Simonetti A, Guilbault KA. “Exploring intersectional identities and geographic origins in ancient Nubia at Tombos, Sudan.” Bioarchaeology International. 


Simonetti A, Buzon MR, Simonetti SS, Guilbault KA, Kordofani MA, Miller NF. “Assessing the Impact of Holocene Climate Change on Bioavailable Sr Within the Nile River Valley: Geochemical and Radiogenic Isotope Perspectives.” Bioarchaeology International 7(3): 211–233.


Buzon MR, Marshall J. “Countering the racist scholarship of morphological research in Nubia: Centering the ‘people’ in the past and present.” Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections 35:2-18.

Coon SN, Yu KE, McLaughlin WM, Badrinath R, Buzon MR, Cooperman D, Loder RT. “Femoroacetabular impingement in ancient Nubia 1400-656 BC.” Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 143:3909–3917.


Whitmore K, Buzon MR, Smith ST.  “Living on the Border: Health and Identity during the Colonial Egyptian New Kingdom Period in Nubia.”  In The Bioarchaeology of Frontiers and Borderlands, edited by C Tica and D Martin.  University Press of Florida, pp. 135-159.

Whitmore K, Buzon MR. “Two cases of skeletal dysplasia from New Kingdom (c. 1400–1050 BCE) Tombos, Sudan.”  International Journal of Paleopathology 26:135-144.

Schrader SA, Buzon MR, Corcoran L, Simonetti A. “Intraregional 87Sr/86Sr Variation in Nubia: New Insights from the Third Cataract.”  Journal of Archaeological Science Reports 24:373-379.


Schrader S, Buzon MR, Smith ST. “Colonial-Indigene Interaction in Ancient Nubia: An Integrative Analysis of Stress, Diet, and Ceramic Data.Bioarchaeology of the Near East 12:1-32.

Gibbon V, Buzon MR. “A diachronic examination of biomechanical changes in skeletal remains from Tombos in ancient Nubia.” Homo: Journal of Comparative Human Biology 69(4):158-166.

Buzon MR.  “Life and Death in Upper Nubia during the Transition to Nubian Rule: Third Intermediate and Napatan Period Tombos.”  Proceedings of the 13th Conference of Nubian Studies, edited by M Honegger. Peeters, pp. 309-316.

Smith ST, Buzon MR. “The fortified settlement at Tombos and Egyptian colonial strategy in New Kingdom Nubia.”  In From Microcosm to Macrocosm: Individual Households and Cities in Ancient Egypt and Nubia, edited by Julia Budka and Johannes Auenmüller. Sidestone Press, Leiden, pp. 205-225.

Schrader SA, Smith ST, Buzon MR, Olsen S.  “Symbolic Equids: The Burial of a Third Intermediate Period Horse at Tombos and Kushite State Formation.Antiquity 92:383-397.


Schrader SA, Buzon MR. “Everyday Life After Collapse: A Bioarchaeological Examination of Entheseal Change and Accidental Injury in Post-Colonial Nubia.” Bioarchaeology International 1:19-34.

Buzon MR, Smith ST. “New Kingdom Egyptian Colonialism in Nubia at the Third Cataract: A Diachronic Examination of Sociopolitical Transition (1750-650 BC).” In Colonized Bodies, Worlds Transformed: Towards a Global Bioarchaeology of Contact and Colonialism, edited by Melissa S. Murphy and Haagen D. Klaus. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, pp 71-94.

Smith ST, Buzon MR. “Colonial encounters at New Kingdom Tombos: Cultural entanglements and hybrid identity.” In Nubia in the New Kingdom: Lived experience, pharaonic control and local traditions, edited by Neal Spencer, Anna Stevens and Michaela Binder.  Peeters, Leuven, pp 613-628.

Schrader, S.A.Smith, S.T. “Socializing violence: Interpersonal violence recidivism at Abu Fatima (Sudan).” In Broken Bones, Broken Bodies: Bioarchaeological and Forensic Approaches for Accumulative Trauma and Violence, edited by Caryn E. Tegtmeyer, Debra L. Martin. Lexington Books, Lanham MD, pp. 27-42.


Buzon MR, Smith ST, Simonetti A. (2016). Entanglement and the Formation of the Ancient Nubian Napatan State. American Anthropologist 118:284-300.

Gibbon VE, Buzon MR. (2016). Morphometric Assessment of the Appendicular Skeleton in the New Kingdom and Napatan Components from Tombos in Upper Nubia. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 26:324-336.


Buzon MR. (2014). Tombos during the Napatan period (~750-660 BC): Exploring the consequences of sociopolitical transitions in ancient Nubia. International Journal of Paleopathology 7:1-7.

Schrader SA, Buzon MR, Irish JD. (2014). Illuminating the Nubian Dark Age: A bioarchaeological analysis of dental non-metric traits during the Napatan Period. HOMO – Journal of Comparative Human Biology 65:267-280.

Smith ST, Buzon MR. (2014). Colonial Entanglements: “Egyptianization” in Egypt’s Nubian Empire and the Nubian Dynasty. Proceedings of the 12th International Conference for Nubian Studies, edited by Derek Welsby and Julie Anderson. British Museum Publications on Egypt and Sudan 1. Peeters, Leuven, pp 431-450.


Buzon MR, Simonetti A. (2013). Strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr) variability in the Nile Valley: Identifying residential mobility during ancient Egyptian and Nubian sociopolitical changes in the New Kingdom and Napatan periods. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151:1-9.

Smith ST. (2013). Revenge of the Kushites: Assimilation and Resistance in Egypt’s New Kingdom Empire and Nubian Ascendancy over Egypt. In Empires and Complexity: On the Crossroads of Archaeology, edited by G. Areshian, pp. 84-107. Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA, Los Angeles.


Blondiaux J, Fontaine C, Demondion X, Flipo, R-M, Colard T, Mitchell P, Buzon M, Walker P. (2012). Bilateral fractures of the scapula: Possible archaeological examples of beatings from Europe, Africa, and America. International Journal of Paleopathology 4:223-230.

Smith ST, Buzon MR. (2012). The University of California, Purdue University Tombos Expedition. Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections 4:39-40.


Buzon MR, Bombak A. (2010). Dental Disease in the Nile Valley during the New Kingdom. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 20:371-387.

Buzon MR, Bowen GJ. (2010). Oxygen isotope analysis of migration in the Nile Valley. Archaeometry 52:855-868.


Carrano JL, Girty GH, Carrano CJ. (2009). Re-examining the Egyptian colonial encounter in Nubia through a compositional, mineralogical, and textural comparison of ceramics. Journal of Archaeological Science 36: 785-797.

Carrano, J, Smith ST, Herbst G, Girty GH, Carrano CJ, Ferguson JR. (2009). Applying a multi-analytical approach to the investigation of ancient egyptian influence in Nubian communities: the socio-cultural implications of chemical vacation in ceramic styles. Journal of Ancient Egyptian Interconnections 1:3, 11-21.


Buzon MR. (2008). A bioarchaeological perspective on Egyptian colonialism in Nubia during the New Kingdom. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 94:165-81.

Buzon MR, Judd MA. (2008). Investigating health at Kerma: sacrificial versus non-sacrificial burials. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 136:93-99.

Simonetti A. Buzon MR, Creaser RA. (2008). In-situ elemental and Sr isotope investigation of human tooth enamel by Laser Ablation- (MC) -ICP-MS: successes and pitfalls. Archaeometry 50:371-385.

Smith ST. (2008). Tombos and the Transition from the New Kingdom to the Napatan Period in Upper Nubia. Procedings of the 11th International Conference of Nubian Studies:11-31.


Buzon MR, Richman R. (2007). Traumatic injuries and imperialism: the effects of Egyptian colonial strategies in upper Nubia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 133:783-791.

Buzon MR, Simonetti A, Creaser RA. (2007). Migration in the Nile Valley during the New Kingdom period: a preliminary strontium isotope study. Journal of Archaeological Science 9:1391-1401.

Smith ST. (2007). Ethnicity and Culture. In The Egyptian World, edited by T. Wilkinson, pp. 218-241. Routledge, London.

Smith ST. (2007). Kirwan Memorial Lecture. Death at Tombos: Pyramids, Iron and the Rise of the Napatan Dynasty. Sudan and Nubia 11:2-14.


Buzon MR. (2006). Health of the non-elites at Tombos: nutritional and disease stress in New Kingdom Nubia. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 130: 26-37.

Buzon MR. (2006). Biological and ethnic identity in New Kingdom Nubia: A case study from Tombos. Current Anthropology 47:683-695.

Smith ST. (2006). A new Napatan cemetery at Tombos. Cahier de recherches de l’Institut de papyrologie et égyptologie de Lille 26:347-352.


Buzon MR. (2005). Two cases of pelvic osteochondroma in New Kingdom Nubia. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 15: 377-382.


Buzon MR. (2004). A Bioarchaeological Perspective on State Formation in the Nile Valley. PhD dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara.


Smith ST. (2003). Wretched Kush: Ethnic Identities and Boundaries in Egypt’s Nubian Empire. Routledge, London.